One of the advantages of growing your own herbs is being able to harvest fresh plant parts when you need them. Also, when you grow your own, you can select plants that might not be readily available in the local market. Preserving some herbs will allow their use year round. Drying herbs is the most energy efficient way.
Harvest herbs when the plant has enough foliage to sustain growth. With annual herbs like basil, you can cut 50-75% of the plant and it will recover. Cutting off flower heads will encourage more leaf growth. For perennial herbs like parsley, remove no more than one-third of the plant growth at any one time. Use pruners or a sharp knife to make clean cuts that will heal easily.
Harvest early in the day after plants have dried from the morning dew and before it gets too hot. Make sure that the plants have not been sprayed with pesticides.
The traditional way to preserve herbs is by air drying or by using low heat. Drying concentrates the flavor of herbs so you can use less dried herb than the amount of fresh ones in recipes.
After harvesting, gently wash and dry them thoroughly on paper towels. Pick over them to remove any dead or damaged material. They can be tied in loose bunches and placed in small paper bags with the stems sticking out the top of the bag. Punch ventilation holes in the bag. The bags help protect the drying herbs from dust and other contamination while drying. Place the herb bunches in a warm, dry, well ventilated area out of the sun. It may take up to a month for them to dry completely.
For quicker completion of drying, we utilize a home food dehydrator or our Sun Oven®. We strip the leaves from the stems and spread the leaves on drying trays. Maintain a 95º F temperature for a day. Check the herbs for crunchy dryness and pack carefully into glass jars. Clear glass jars store best in a cool, dark place. Crush the herbs just prior to using them. Most herbs retain their flavor for about a year.
Freezing herbs is easy, but herbs preserved this way are most useful in the cooking process. Frozen herbs often thaw out limp and are not suitable for garnish, but the flavor quality is not altered.
Billie Nicholson, editor
Today I asked several people what would they do in the event of an economic collapse. The blank stares I received in response were not funny. After a moment one person said, “Without banks and money, people would lose their homes.” Then he said, “I think I should go ask my dad, he remembers what happened to his parents during the Great Depression. I think they had to start a shoe repair business to make ends meet.” Just in case you haven’t thought much about the economic impact of nations verging on the brink of economic collapse, here are some tips on how to prepare should that collapse impact your community.
- Store food – how long could your family survive on what you have right now?
- Clean water – do you have a plan or some stored around your property? Plus get some water purification tablets or use your Sun Oven® to pasteurize the water
- Shelter – where can you stay, do you have a tent and sleeping bag?
- Warm clothing – blankets, sweaters, rain ponchos
- Ax – may help with gathering wood for fuel
- Lighters or waterproof matches
- Comfortable shoes
- Flash light or lantern with batteries
- Communication equipment; walkie – talkies etc. Have an emergency meeting place
- Swiss army knife
- Personal hygiene products
- First-aid kit and other medical supplies; pain meds; extra prescription meds
- Extra gasoline with Stay-Bil® added for long term storage
- Sewing kit – for sutures and buttons
- Self defense equipment – pepper spray and more, plus ammo
- Compass and printed maps to help find your way
- Hiking backpack for a bug-out-bag filled with food, water & clothing
- Community – some way to get together with others
- A back up plan – how will you provide for your family without centralized services like water, sewer and electricity?
- Special needs of babies and pets
- Card games, etc. for entertainment
- Stock up on vitamins – survival food may not be very nutritious
- It could get to be too late to grow some of your own food
- Move away from the big cities
- Start a side business – look for a community need and prepare to fill it
- What expenses can you reduce?
- Acquire some silver and gold
- Get out of debt
- Keep some cash at home/ in your vehicle and coins
- Have money in more than one financial institution
- Build up an emergency fund to cover all your expenses for at least six months
- What small items can you use for trade/barter? Learn the art of trade and barter
- Keep your plans a secret
- Physical fitness
- Spiritual preparations – prayer and scriptures
Billie Nicholson, editor
Of course, we recommend that everyone have a Sun Oven® in their cache of emergency supplies. In addition, and not related to food there are over a hundred other items that every family should have. GoodStufffromLynda.com recommends these four easy to carry items that should be with you every day:
- High Quality Knife – useful for more than just cutting, some versions have additional tools as well.
- Paracord – with over 100 uses itself, don’t leave home without it! Using it you can secure a tent, make a tourniquet, tie up bad guys, and floss your teeth, just to name a few.
- Small Flashlight – night without electricity is really dark. Remember to stock up on the batteries, too. Solar lights and luminous packs are also helpful.
- Fire starter – featherweight fire starters consisting of flint and magnesium will spark a fire in the worst situations.
- Cell Phone – has multiple uses including sending messages via voice or text if phone lines are down, signal mirror, night light, GPS locator beacon. Look for a solar charger to add to your supplies, too.
The Survival Mom also recommends:
- Deodorant/antiperspirant – will be an instant morale booster when you’ve been hunkered down in a stressful situation for a few days or weeks.
- Feminine products – menstrual cycles don’t stop for crises. A six month’s supply of tampons or pads will greatly improve your quality of life. Plus, they can be used as sterile pads to reduce blood flow from wounds.
- Bar soap – always welcome to wash everything from laundry to hair.
- Zip-Locs of all sizes – seal everything from food to waste products.
- A pack of new underwear for each family member.
- A battery-powered CD player & CDs with music to calm all the savage beasts.
- Medicine – any prescriptions you must take should be stocked. Pain meds will always be welcome.
- Toilet paper – obviously.
Angela from Food Storage and Survival suggests we include:
- First-aid kit, bandages and hydrogen peroxide
- Vinegar, hand sanitizer and an emergency toilet
- Toothbrushes and toothpaste
- Insect repellent
- Assorted paper products from plates and napkins to paper towels and tissues
- Clothesline, clothes pins and a large bucket for washing
- Tent, sleeping bags and plastic sheeting or foam pad
- Alternative season clothing like gloves and hats
- Sewing supplies for mending
- Battery powered radio or two-way radios
- Hand tools like hammer, saw, wrenches and screwdrivers
The list goes on and on. We also need to think about multiple uses for everyday items. What’s on your list?
Billie Nicholson, editor
Our Young Women’s group planned a “Tea” for their moms. Solar cooking was one of the lessons required for their preparations for Girls Camp coming up later this summer. So they decided they could learn how to bake the cookies planned for dessert in a solar oven. Robert and I set up the Sun Oven® to pre heat while the girls mixed the cookie dough and took turns spooning it onto the parchment paper covered baking racks. By the time everyone had eaten finger sandwiches and yummy potato salad, the cookies were ready to serve with a scoop of vanilla ice cream. “It gets a lot hotter than I expected,” said one of the young ladies. There were no leftovers.
Billie Nicholson, editor
Do you have a problem with mold and mildew in your home? What can clean up mold and mildew without using harsh chemicals? Some natural household items can be used to clean up the moldy mess, but first determine what is causing the problem. Check for plumbing leaks around water pipes, waste lines, ice-maker lines or spigots. Remember that water can run in any direction. You may need to extend your search to exterior building leaks. Look for leaks in the wall or roof, vents, window wells or for downspouts emptying near the foundation. Even badly sealed ductwork could be the problem. Warm, moist air condenses and forms water on ducts carrying cold air. The condensation is a sign the that the duct is not insulated or is missing a vapor barrier. Moisture forms anywhere warm air escapes. Eventually the water saturates insulation and drywall and mold spores, which are everywhere, begin to grow. Once you’ve located and repaired the water problem, it’s time to clean up the mess.1
The following common household ingredients can be used to get rid of mold and mildew.
- Use Baking Soda to remove odors from closets, bathrooms and refrigerators.
Recipe: Mix baking soda and water to form a paste in a ratio of 1:1. Apply the paste to the affected area and let it dry. Scrub with a small brush and wipe away any cleaning paste remaining.2 To remove mildew from your plastic shower curtain or liner, put it in your washing machine with two bath towels on the gentle setting. Add 1/2 cup baking soda to your detergent during the wash cycle and 1/2 cup vinegar during the rinse cycle. Let it air dry.
- Use White Vinegar undiluted.
Spray distilled vinegar on the mold satins using a spray bottle. If the stain persists mix a little baking soda and a little elbow grease. Leave the surface to dry.
- Use Tea Tree Oil
Recipe: Add one teaspoon of tea tree oil to one cup of water. Mix well and pour into a spray bottle. Mist the mixture onto the surfaces that have been tarnished by mold and wipe the surface clean.
- Use Grapefruit seed extract
Recipe: Add 10 drops of grapefruit seed extract to a cup of water. Mix well and using a spray bottle, mist the affected area. Wipe and allow to dry.
- Use Lemon Juice
To get rid of mildew on clothes, make a paste of lemon juice and salt; rub into the affected area, then dry the clothes in sunlight. This works well on rust stains, too.3
Restoration contractor and Do It Yourself television personality Mike Holmes says, “It’s about healthy homes. We know mold can reduce indoor air quality, and poor air quality affects our health.”4 He recommends a product called Concrobium Mold Control. Have you tried it?
Billie Nicholson, editor
- html http://www.rd.com/home/mildew-cleaning-solutions/#ixzz3Zr5Ukl6c
A few weeks ago I was dabbling around the kitchen close to dinnertime. I noticed that our garden had produced an abundance of fresh vegetables that were begging to be used. Out of the refrigerator came lots of celery, green peppers and onions (CPO). These chopped vegetables mixed with ground beef, spices and fresh breadcrumbs, made a tasty meat loaf that everyone enjoyed.
In my chopping fervor, I created lots of extra chopped CPO. In the past when we had extra salsa, pesto, or tomato paste, the extra was frozen for later use. Could CPO be frozen in the same way? Let’s experiment.
I first par-cooked the CPO in a skillet with a small bit of olive oil. When the CPO was cool I brought out a muffin pan, covered it with a sheet of plastic wrap, and depressed the muffin area with my hand. I then placed a lump of par-cooked CPO in each spot. A second sheet of plastic wrap was placed on top and the muffin pan was placed in the freezer. The plastic wrapped, frozen CPO was divided into individual sections and stored in a zip bag. The bag was marked with the contents and a reference date.
One morning while fixing breakfast I retrieved one of my frozen CPO packets, unwrapped it and popped it into a moderately warm skillet. Within just a few minutes, with the addition of eggs and cheese, a delicious omelet was ready for our family.
We have now added CPO to the list of basic portion control ingredients that we store in our freezer for later use. The next experiment will be to see how long it stores and remains edible. I’ll let you know.
Billie Nicholson, editor
When preparing for an emergency situation, don’t forget to make plans for any family pets. Just like any other family member, pets are your responsibility, too. Here are some ideas to help you create your disaster plan to care for their basic needs.
- Don’t wait until the last minute, start your plan now. Make sure your pet is wearing a collar and identification tag that is up to date and visible at all times. Getting a micro chip inserted will greatly increase your chance of being reunited should your pet get lost. If your pet is adopted from a shelter or rescue organization, make sure the registration has been transferred to you. Add your cell phone number to the tag as well.
- Put together a disaster kit to include:
• Food and water for at least 5 days, bowl, and a manual can opener if you are packing canned pet food. Keep an extra gallon of water on hand to use if your pet has been exposed to chemicals or flood waters and needs to be rinsed.
• Medications and medical records stored in a waterproof container and a pet first-aid kit and book.
• Cat litter box, litter, scoop and garbage bags to collect all your pet’s waste.
• Sturdy leashes, harnesses and carriers to transport pets safely and to avoid run-aways.
• Current photos of you with your pets and a written description to help others identify them.
• Written information about your pet’s feeding schedule, medical conditions and behavior issues along with the name and contact information for your veterinarian in case you have to board or put them in foster care.
• Grooming items, newspapers or paper towels for clean ups.
- Find a safe place to stay. Be sure to check your local shelters and select ones that allow for pets. This includes checking with hotels and motels that might be along your evacuation route.
- Plan for your pets in case you’re not home or can’t get there by asking a trusted neighbor or nearby family member or friend to take your pets and meet you at a specified location.
- If you must wait out a storm at home, decide on a safe area of your home where you can all stay together. Pet-proof the area. Bring your pet inside as soon as local authorities announce trouble is coming. Put all your emergency supplies in your safe-room. Stay inside until the “all clear” sign.
- Following an emergency event don’t allow your pets to roam loose. They can get disoriented, lost or hurt in some situations.
- Be aware of the dangers high temperatures can cause for your pets. Heatstroke can be fatal. Apply cold towels to pet’s head, neck and chest; let her lick ice cubes and go to the vet immediately.
Billie Nicholson, editor
At the edge of a sparsely developed neighborhood in Milton, Florida, you’ll find Ray and Wanda Davis’ “Clear Creek Farm.” When they decided to retire from their original careers, they thought it would be fun to try their hand at farming as a way to maintain activity and to grow their own food. Their 30 acre property, just west of a Naval Aviation Training base and backing up to a land preserve, has hills, flood plains, hardwood and pine forest areas and is bisected by Clear Creek as it winds its way to the Blackwater River.
From the property description, you can imagine, there are lots of ecosystems, but level fertile ground is missing. Ray and Wanda accepted these challenges to create their version of a Sustainable Farm. Here are some of the techniques they use.
One of the first problems to be addressed was controlling run-off and erosion. They created a series of terraces and concrete drainage streams, including a pool. Square foot garden beds and narrow long beds were built on the terraces. Trees cut down on the farm as they cleared areas were milled into lumber that they use to make the long beds. Tree height determined the bed length.
To extend the growing season and protect some delicate plants during the winter months, they have built high tunnel (hoop houses). Ray also has some hydroponic lettuce beds where he grows individual lettuce plants in a nutrient rich liquid supported by styrofoam.
All plant material that is left after harvesting is tossed into compost bins built from throw away pallets lined with hardware cloth and tied together with zip-ties. They use straw and shredded paper as the carbon component and toss in a shovel full of manure to keep it “hot.”
Solar panels installed on the farm buildings generate electricity for farm use as well. As a result of their hard work, farm tours, plant sales and consultations provide additional income. Now that’s sustainable.
Billie Nicholson, editor
The National Preparedness Community
The power grid consists of a set of large power plants connected together by wires. It works well as a power-distribution system because it allows for energy sharing. Interestingly, there is no storage in the system. As power is demanded by consumers, that same amount is generated and distributed. This works great until there is a failure in part of the system that other parts can’t fill in. Then they fail and a domino effect leaves a large area in the dark.
Follow these tips to be prepared for a blackout:
- Practice energy conservation measures to reduce electricity usage, acquire flashlights and batteries, solar lights, candles or oil lamps for lighting & alternative cooking devices (like a Sun Oven®.)
- Always have a large cooler and a supply of ice on hand. Fill plastic containers with water and store them frozen. Leave space for expansion. These can be used to keep food chilled and then as drinking water when they have thawed.
- Store additional containers of water for long term use. One gallon per person per day is recommended.
- Create a general emergency preparedness kit with a first-aid kit, personal hygiene items, flashlights, copies of important documents, emergency contact telephone numbers, etc. Include extra medicines.
- Keep your car gas tank at least half full at all times.
- Keep a key to your house with you if you regularly enter from your garage, because the electric door opener will not work.
- Keep any generator activity well ventilated to avoid CO poisoning.
Billie Nicholson, editor
- “Blackouts.” Ready America.http://www.ready.gov/america/beinformed/blackout.html
- Brain, Marshall. “How Power Grids Work.” HowStuffWorks.http://www.howstuffworks.com/power.htm
- “Power Outage Checklist.” American Red Cross.http://www.redcross.org/portal/site/en/menuitem.86f46a12f382290517a8f210b80f78a0/?vgnextoid=4b0d6b9128c2b110VgnVCM10000089f0870aRCRD&vgnextfmt=default
The SOLAR SHOWER is a great addition to emergency preparedness supplies during times when power or water access is limited. Fill it with water and hang it in the sun for about three hours. You’ll have 5 gallons of warm water using the sun’s energy. When placed outdoors in the direct sun, the matt black container absorbs the sun’s light energy and converts it into heat. Learn how to use it before you need it.
Camping fever will soon be hitting every neighborhood. Do you like to “rough it” and live in the wild, miles from civilization? After a couple of days do you yearn for the luxury of a warm shower to take off the grime? Now you can have both, the solitude and a warm shower. The SOLAR SHOWER is perfect for all your washing needs.
Constructed of durable PVC, with an easy filling cap and a sturdy carrying/hanging handle, it is perfect for all your washing needs. The handy on/off valve is connected to a shower-head for easy access allowing you to control how much or how little water you use.Once heated, the water in the SOLAR SHOWER will stay warm for another three hours after the sun goes down.
- Capacity: 5 gallons
- Dimensions: 20 x 16 inches
- Weight: 14 ounces (empty)