Be Water Smart12 Ways to Conserve Water

According to the recently released data from NOAA, nationwide, January was below average in precipitation. The state of California continues to suffer from water shortages, especially in the  San Joaquin Valley, the salad bowl of the world.  In addition to losses of jobs, the effects of this drought will show up in every grocery store across the country in the form of reduced selection and higher prices. Besides growing some of our own vegetables, we should all consider the following tips to help conserve water.

  1. Make sure your home is LEAK FREE. To check this, read your water meter at a time when no water is being used. Two hours is a good test time. Check the meter again after two hours. There should be no change. If there is, you have a leak.
  2. The first place to check for leaks are dripping faucets. Stop these by replacing washers in the hot and cold handles. A one second dripping rate will waste 2,700 gallons of water per year. This will increase your water and sewer costs or strain your septic system.
  3. The second place to check is the toilet. Add a few drops of food coloring to the water holding tank. If there is a leak, the died water will show up in the toilet bowl in about 30 minutes. Replacements parts can be purchased at your local hardware store and are easy enough to change. (I know, I’ve done it.) If the toilet handle sticks leaving the flapper open, lots of water will be wasted. Replacement or repairs of the flapper/chain mechanism is also easy. Be aware of the sound of running water. Check the toilet first when you hear it. Installing a low water volume tank or adding a brick inside an older tank will raise the water level in the tank but reduce the amount used per flush. Throw tissues and dead bugs in the trash to avoid unnecessary flushes.
  4. Install a circulating water pump on your hot water heater. These come with timers and can be adjusted to allow warm water to be circulating in your water lines. You’ll get warm water quicker.
  5. Running water while you brush your teeth can waste five gallons of water. Wet your brush. Then apply toothpaste and brush without water. Rinse your mouth with water from a cup. Wash out brush and sink with water from the tap.
  6. In the kitchen, if you’re washing dishes by hand, fill a small tub or large bowl with soapy water and wash in this. Stack the washed dishes and then rinse them. Garbage disposals require lots of water to operate properly. Start a compost pot as an alternative method of disposing of uncooked food waste. The worms in your garden will thank you.
  7. Store drinking water in the refrigerator. You will not need to run the tap to get cool water.
  8. If you have a well, check the pump periodically. Listen for the pump to click on and off while water is not being used. If it does, you have a leak.
  9. Mulch around plants to hold moisture in the soil.
  10. Water lawns and garden in the early morning hours. Don’t allow sprinklers to leak, or water your street and driveway. Change their position so water falls on lawn and bushes. Check sprinkler heads periodically for line breaks and head damage. You’ll recognize the water oozing in the grass near the head. Adjust the timers to control watering duration based on the time of year.
  11. Raise your mower blade to three and one-half or four inches. A higher cut encourages grass roots to grow deeper, shades the roots and holds soil moisture better than a shorter cut.
  12. Be aware of and follow all water conservation and water shortage rules in effect in your community. Every drop counts.                                                                                     Water Saving Tips

Additional Articles in this month’s issue:

Billie Nicholson, Editor
May 2014

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